Common Treatment Options for Cervical Cancer

January is Cervical Health Awareness Month. More than 13,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year; however, this disease can be avoided with the help of vaccinations and regular screenings. Cervical Health Awareness Month is the perfect time to call attention to cervical cancer its causes, treatments, and early detection. In this article, we will discuss common treatment options that are available to women diagnosed with cervical cancer. 

What is cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix, which is the lowest part of the uterus that connects it to the vagina. Cancer starts when cervix cells in the body begin to grow out of control. 

What causes cervical cancer?

Various strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a common sexually transmitted infection, have been shown to cause most cases of cervical cancer. In a small percentage of people, HPV can, over time, cause some cervical cells to become cancer cells.

How is cervical cancer treated? 

If your doctor diagnoses you with cervical cancer, he or she will likely refer you to a number of other specialists to assist with your cervical cancer treatment such as a gynecologic oncologist or a radiation oncologist. When it comes to treatments for cervical cancer, your doctors may choose one or more of the following for your treatment plan, depending on the type and severity of your cervical cancer

Treatment options include: 

  • Surgery: Doctors remove cancer tissue in a surgical procedure. Surgery involves removing the tumor and some nearby healthy tissue, usually performed by a gynecologic oncologist.
  • Chemotherapy: This treatment option consists of doctors using medicines in either the form of pills or medicine administered through an IV to shrink or kill the cancer. 
  • Radiation therapy: A radiology oncologist will employ high-energy ionizing radiation (similar to X-rays) to kill the cancer. Radiation therapy may be administered individually or used in conjunction with these other methods. 

We hope this brings awareness to the extreme importance of cervical health. Remember, cervical cancer is more easily treated with screening and early detection. Encourage your loved ones at risk to get screened for cervical cancer today. And if you need radiation therapy in Manhattan to treat your cervical cancer, you are in good hands with the radiation oncology specialists at Rosetta Radiology